Posts Tagged global warming

Earth Promise “21 in 21” Interview Series – Bruce Gellerman

Bruce Gellerman – Host of “Living on Earth”, Public Radio International’s environmental program heard weekly on more than 300 public radio stations nationwide. (

Bruce has worked at NPR as a science reporter, at WBUR-FM as business correspondent and Executive Producer and was Senior Washington Correspondent for The Center for Investigative Journalism.  He has consulted for the US State Department, Voice of America and Internews  and has taught journalism in more than a dozen countries.  His work has appeared in The New York Times, The Boston Globe, The Scientist, BBC-Radio, ABC TV-20/20 and CBS TV-60 Minutes.  He has received more than 40 national awards for journalism and is a three-time recipient of the AAAS award for broadcast science journalism, most recently for a documentary he produced about MIT’s Fusion Energy Research Laboratory. Mr. Gellerman has been accepted for two Fulbright Fellowships and is the author of “Massachusetts Curiosities”.

Earth Promise: What changes, or Earth Promises as we call them, have you made in your lifestyle to be more green?  Changes in home, travel, work, with your kids and community?

Bruce Gellerman: My wife is really the green-meanie in the family, constantly reminding me that I’m the one who hosts an environmental show. Being green comes naturally to her, she’s Russian and they waste NOTHING. We can have an empty refrigerator and she can cook up a banquet. We recently put on a new roof and a few weeks ago I did a story about how white roofs are really the way to save energy and CO2 emissions. Now Yulia, my wife, has taken to reminding me that we should have installed a white roof. To my defense we put on a light color roof.
I am my father’s son. He was the kind of guy who follows you around shutting off the lights.  We recycle, of course, don’t leave the water running when brushing our teeth, low energy bulbs and all that sort of stuff. I am the cheapest person in the universe so we definitely live within our means and aren’t big consumers. We drive a Prius which I love but have a 15 year old Camry wagon I hope runs forever. I’m holding out til they start paying cash for clunkers and I can trade it in for something a bit newer and more gas efficient, tho’ it gets 30 mpg. Not nearly what the Prius gets but enough to make most of Detroit envious.

EP: What was your first, ah ha! Green moment?

BG: I think I’ve always been a shade of green. I hate wasting things and shopping is about the worst thing I can think of doing.  I’m always amazed when I see someone, even today, toss something out, litter drives me nuts.

EP: Tell me about your show, Living on Earth? 

BG: Well, LOE is a science show and its radio which is the most visual medium there is. We try to tap into our listeners imaginations using sounds and words to put them into the stories we create. Radio is a story telling medium so that’s what we do. I love radio..or more appropriately, today, audio because I think radio …over the air tuners…are well on their way to dinosaur-hood. Audio, is the news medium for the future. It’s relatively inexpensive, accessible anywhere, and can be used while your doing anything…well, maybe it’s not very good when you’re taking a hearing test or writing a symphony.  I have a new WiFi radio which I absolutely love. I can tune into any audio on line, pod casts shows, music, whatever. If I’m in the mood for Serbian pop  French jazz..I got it. Russian news…you betcha. I’m trying to WiFi my house with audio so my entire family can listen to what they want when they want it. The demise of newspapers has created a whole new playing field for audio. I think LOE’s future is very bright, if we can raise money in this economy. It’s weird, after 20 years of being on the air, the show’s focus; environmental science, is now the defining issue of our time, bisecting national security, the world economy, and so on. The irony is that after two decades we’re still doing the public radio begahons. I think that will change. People really get what we’re doing. Being an environmentalist today is simply being someone who breathes in and out. We’re all in this boat together—that’s the sub-context of the show—and we better figure out how to keep it afloat. Our listeners have great ears. They really, really pay attention and we get an earful when we screw up which we try mightily no to. But journalism is a human endeavor. As my best friend’s dad used to say to me: “to err is human, isn’t it divine.”

EP: What are the goals of this show?  Is it education, enjoyment, interaction?  A combo of the three? Others?  

BG: As I say, we tell stories about environmental science in a journalistic way.  We define the environment as everything on earth so we have an endless possibility of stories. There’s no lack of ideas. When Steve Curwood started the program nearly 20 yrs ago he was asked what he would cover after doing the first 6 stories! I try hard to strike a balance between storytelling and science. Radio is so ephemeral, so…transparent, so you have to catch someone’s ear quickly and not let go through the story so I’m always trying to pique a person’s interest thru the  creative use of sound, good writing and production. It’s like painting with sound.

EP: The media is probably the biggest influencers of what people think nowadays. Sometimes if a message is played over too much, people will tend to ignore it after a while or tune it out or turn against it.  What is the best way to get the message across to the public without being overbearing?

BG: That’s a tough one because you never know what your listeners know or don’t know. I’ll give you and example; just today in our weekly review of the previous show one producer said an interview I did about Cap and Trade was too basic. I disagreed. First, it’s a hard topic to get your head around and there’s something new to discuss. You don’t want to keep re-re-re-re defining the term, at some point you have to accept it’s part of the great ‘out there’ body of knowledge but I had dinner with some really smart friends the other night and they didn’t know how it might work…so, we’re always trying to define things as we go along. I do think we can overplay a message and listeners can become inured by climate change, toxic pollutants, whatever.  My philosophy about this stuff comes from an italian restaurant in New York that used to have the slogan:” Give people something good to eat at a reasonable price, they’ll come”.  That’s the way I feel about radio. Give people something interesting to hear they’ll come. I also disagree that the media is the biggest influencers..a big one, no doubt but there’s so much going on, so many sources to simply lump things together as “media” doesn’t really say anything. Are blogs media? I dunno, I suppose.

EP: Thinking of different media types, how has radio increased its presence in helping the environment?  Are there more shows dedicated to it or discussing it more?  Are these shows reaching more listeners now than before? 

BG: Everybody…everybody is going green these days. It’s meaningless; I mean, Exxon/Mobile has green ads? NPR now has a climate change series which is quite good. Our distributor, Public Radio International has a number of news shows that now routinely do stories about the environment. The topic is so important and so universal that it can’t be ignored.

EP: How does the effect from radio differ from other forms of media such as TV or the Internet?

BG: Radio is the future of journalism. TV is garbage. I watched it the other day and muted the audio and it’s a joke…with the sound on, it’s worse. It’s too limiting. Radio is expansive. Maybe I should try listening with the sound off and see what I think!!!

EP: If you had to put together an ad campaign around the climate crisis and global warming, what topics and images would you include?  What do you think hits home with people?

BG: I think the stories and ideas that resonate deeply with people are the ones they can relate to. There’s a trick in radio writing which maybe I shouldn’t disclose but hey, what the heck, here goes: use the word “you” in a story, either expressly or indirectly. People perk up when it’s about them. As for images, radio is the most powerful visual medium so the goal for me as a producer is to exploit a persons imagination and give them something for their inner eye to see.

EP: What are some ways we can change people from “thinking green” to “acting green”?  That is, going from a group that knows there is an environmental issue and they are concerned, but do not take any steps to help to a group that takes action and make changes to help the environment. 

BG: Cynically speaking it comes down to money. Emotionally speaking it comes down to love. If I tell you your gas bill is going to go up 300% unless you figure out a way to conserve you’ll get it. If a person hears their children will suffer because of their parent’s stupidity, I think most will get it.

EP: Is this the sort of area where the media can really have an impact?

BG: Media’s impact is incidental. It happens in the context of everything else. People hear a story and maybe they’ll recall one element of it a few days later; over time it can become part of them. In radio there’s the old adage; tell the listener what you want them to know, remind them what it is, and tell them what you told them. Over time, there’s an effect.  At least I hope so.

EP: What is the most vital message you hope people will hear from your radio show relating to the environment?

BG: We need to change. Now. Yesterday. Get going.

EP: Tell me about some of the steps you have taken in your professional life to help the environment?

BG: My professional life? I don’t know we recycle everything at LOE and have a relatively small carbon footprint. I’d like to think we’re pretty good at practicing what we preach. I bike to work or take public transport like most folks here.  We recently remodeled our home and even though we can’t install solar because of the line of sight to the sun I had it wired for the day solar tech has sufficiently advanced and it becomes economically viable. We just had our house insulated …the utility picked up 75% of the tab!

EP: Were you “green” as a child?

BG: I was a pain in the butt kind of kid…always asking questions, always questioning everything. Some things never change.  

EP: What is the one Earth Promise you are going to make in the future that you have not done yet?

BG: One day I’m going to have geothermal put in. And while I haven’t eaten red meat in 24 years, I hope one day to go whole hog…er, I mean, give up meat-fish and fowl entirely. They’re really not sustainable. But when I say that out loud, I know the best I’ll do is cut down.

EP: Thank you.

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Earth Promise Announces “21 in 21” Interview Series in Honor of Earth Day

As a lead up to Earth Day on April 22nd, Earth Promise will post an interview each day between April 1st and April 21st giving different perspectives about the environment from influential people in the green community.  The subjects in the “21 in 21” interview series will give their opinions and thoughts on various topics from how each person greens their lives, the impact they are making in their fields, recommendations for what we can do for the environment, thoughts on President Obama’s plans, and numerous other environmental topics.  The interviews will appear each day in the blog section of the site at

These 21 interviewees come from various areas of interest including the world of politics, radio, business, entertainment, education, travel and the web.  Some of the interviewees include Bruce Gellerman, host of “Living on Earth” on Public Radio International, Olivia Zaleski, the host and editor of CNN’s, The Business of Green, George Newall, the co-creator of Schoolhouse Rock (Schoolhouse Rock! Earth DVD comes out today!), Robert Stone, director of Earth Days set to be released on April 22, 2009, and Alexandra Cousteau, Social Environmental Advocate and granddaughter of Jacque Cousteau.

The following is a tentative schedule for the interviews that are set from April 1st to April 21st.   Come back often to check out what each has to say.

Wednesday, April 1st – Bruce Gellerman, host of “Living on Earth” on Public Radio International

Thursday, April 2nd – Raquel Fagan, Executive Editor for

Friday, April 3rd – Nathan Winters, Founder of Follow Nathan Foundation who will bike across America to raise awareness for land and nature conservation

Saturday, April 4th – Tim Leffel, Travel Writer

Sunday, April 5th – Matthys Levy, founding Principal of Weidlinger Associates, Consulting Engineers and author of Why the Wind Blows, a History of Weather and Global Warming

Monday, April 6th – Traver Gruen-Kennedy, Chairman at Alliance for Sustainable Air Transportation

Tuesday, April 7th – Nora Duncan, Policy and Legislative Affairs Liaison for Governor Jodi Rell (CT)

Wednesday, April 8th – Matt Petersen, President and CEO of Global Green USA

Thursday, April 9th – Leslie Drogin, Government Affairs Analyst at K&L Gates and  former Senior Advisor for Policy and Legislative Affairs at the U.S. Department of Energy

Friday, April 10th – Stefani Newman, Founder of

Saturday, April 11th – Adam Berg, Founder and CEO of Earth Promise

Sunday, April 12th – Eric Mangol, CEO of Figment Media LLC

Monday, April 13th – Howard Waldman, Green Dean at the Ethical Culture Fieldston School

Tuesday, April 14th – Olivia Zaleski, Host and Editor of CNN’s, The Business of Green

Wednesday, April 15th – George Newall, Co-Creator of Schoolhouse Rock!

Thursday, April 16th – Robert Stone, Director of Earth Days (set for release on April 22, 2009)

Friday, April 17th – TBA

Saturday, April 18th – TBA

Sunday, April 19th – TBA

Monday, April 20th – Alexandra Cousteau, Social Environmental Advocate and Granddaughter of Jacque Cousteau

Tuesday, April 21st – TBA

Each interview will first appear in the blog area and then will remain on it’s own Earth Promise page afterwards to facilitate easy access for new and return visitors.  

Get inspired by these interviews to make Earth Promises, or changes, in your lifestyles to help the environment.  No matter how small the change, it makes a difference.  View a categorized list of promise you can make on the site for ideas and inspiration.

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Green Questions for YOU

Today’s blog post is a little different and will not be about us pushing content to you, but you pushing content to everyone.  We wanted to simply post a few questions and see what you had to say.  There are no right or wrong answers just opinions.  Simply post your answers/thoughts in the comments section.  Will be very cool to see what the readers have to say.


1 – Did you turn out the lights on Earth Hour which occurred this past Saturday (3/28 at 8:30 local time)?  Based on what you did, saw, read, or watched, do you think Earth Hour was a success?  Why?


2 – Do you have any plans for Earth Day on April 22?  Any suggestions to others reading this that are looking for ideas?


3 – Thinking back a year ago, what are some of the main ways you have become greener?


4 – What is the one Earth Promise, or change, you are going to make in the future that you have not done yet to help the environment?

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A Friendly Earth Promise Reminder: Tomorrow is Earth Hour

Just a friendly Earth Promise  reminder that tomorrow night March 28, 2009, at 8:30pm is Earth Hour. This international annual event is held on the last Saturday of March signifying awareness to take action on climate change.  Started by the World Wild Life (Australia) in 2007, Earth Hour achieved worldwide participation in 2008.  For more information, be sure to visit:

Also let your kid in on the action.  Earth Hour Kids invites children and teens to participate in this climate changing event as well. 

Be sure to visit the Earth Promise blog  as next week we will have 21 fantastic interviews leading up to Earth Day.


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Disney is Turning Green

Disneynature, Walt Disney’s new green sector, will celebrate Earth Day, April 22, 2009 with the debut of, Earth .  This miraculous, environmental adaptation is from the award-winning British producer/director Alastair Fothergill, who created the “Planet Earth” series (BBC and The Discovery Channel) and “The Blue Planet.”

Narrated by James Earl Jones, Earth follows the astonishing year-long journey of three animal families: the Polar Bears, the African Elephants and the Humpback Whales.  The cinematography captures wildlife in its intimate moments in unimaginable scale. Even if you’ve rented this documentary series on DVD, watching on big screen will be a great visual experience.

If you purchase a ticket  for the first week of the showing, Disney will plant a tree in your honor in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest, considered the most endangered rainforest in the world.

Jean-François Camilleri, executive vice president and general manger of Disneynature, said: “The public is looking for films like EARTH that are entertaining, educational, show nature’s beauty and are environmentally conscious. What better way to celebrate the opening of this epic film than by planting trees on behalf of our moviegoers!”

Tickets are now on sale through the film’s website at

And don’t forget to make some promises – be a part of the Earth Promise community and become a member.  It’s free and easy! 

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Baby You Can Share My Car

First off, I’d like to apologize to the Beatles for the pun used in the title; I just couldn’t help myself!

The magazine section of the Sunday, New York Times from March 8, 2009 has an exceptionally informative article about the new (American) trend, car sharing. “Car sharing (a European concept) is a model of car rental where people rent cars for short periods of time, often by the hour.  The editorial focuses on the origins of one of the largest car sharing companies, Zipcar.  This is not just a cars on demand type of company, but a community.  Althoughvery convenient for both city dwellers and college students, being a member of Zipcar may not be something for country or suburban folks to participate in. 

To read the article in its entirety, click here  You might think twice about purchasing your next car.

To learn about ways you can make Earth Promises about your transportation, click here.

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Green Thumb Or Not; Change Your Eating Habits

Michelle Obama’s White House garden is inspiring.  The First Lady’s agricultural endeavor both introduces and reminds people to get closer to the land; to conserve Earth’s precious resources; and the importance of growing their own healthy food.  For some people this is feasible; for others, both time and natural space interfere with this green-thumb movement. There are many accessible sites to help start your own garden, whether it’s an herb garden in your window sill, planting a fruit tree, or planting a fruit and vegetable garden.  Here are some sites to help start your gardening adventure:

·         Mother Earth News

·         Gardeners

·         Southern Living

·         Organic gardening  


If you fall into the category where time and space hamper your gardening efforts, you still can have access to local fresh vegetables and fruit as well as contribute to lessening your carbon footprint.  Think about the toxic chemicals that are needed to preserve the food or the amount of petroleum used to deliver your food.  Buying local, like growing your own garden, will help support your local community’s economy; lessen the impact on your environment; and allow you to eat healthily.  Now is the perfect time to consider purchasing as much food as possible from local sources.  Food Routes, which is part of Food Routes Network, is a non-profit organization that is dedicated to reintroducing Americans to their food – the seeds it grows from, the farmers who produce it, and the routes that carry it from the fields to their tables.”  The FoodRoutes website provides tips on how to buy more local food, where you can find this food in your community, educates about how buying local affects the environment and your health, and has the latest news on farming today.  You can even take part in the Buy Local Challenge . This allows you to show your support to those local farmers in your community. It’s time to revitalize the food movement!

For more tips on how you can make changes in this healthy, local food trend, visit Earth Promise.

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Tap Project’s Good Deed

Growing up, I always made the assumption that (clean, drinkable) water would always be available.  My wasteful habits are astonishing to look back upon: running water while brushing teeth; not turning the hose off while washing the car; and running the kitchen sink while washing dishes. The millions of gallons of water my family and I wasted make me cringe with disgust.  This careless water behavior of mine has come to a screeching halt.   The news about our dwindling water supply and countries around the world not having safe drinking water to survive is not so new.  With our environment in peril, it’s time to truly make a change in behavior.

Today, the lack of clean water is the second largest killer of children under the age of five.  This global crisis is due to the high demand for fresh water in our world.  In a 2008 CNN interview with Maude Barlow, author of Blue Covenant: The Global Water Crisis and the Coming Battle for the Right to Water,   Barlow explained: One way or another, we have taken accessible clean water … and we have rendered it unusable. We take massive amounts [of water] and we irrigate the desert, where it evaporates. We’re pumping groundwater all over the world far faster that it can be replenished by nature. We are actually running out of fresh, clean water everywhere in the world, including here in North America. We have to give up this myth of abundance. We have come to the limits of the planet.”

How can we help our fragile planet’s water supply?  This upcoming March 22nd through March 28th is World Water Week.  We can all make an extra effort to support clean water access to everyone around the world.  New York City based, Tap Project assists UNICEF’s endeavors to bring clean water to children all over the world.  Participating “restaurants would ask their patrons to donate $1 or more for the tap water they usually enjoy for free.” 

Starting in 2007, Tap Project was solely a NYC endeavor with 300 Manhattan-based dining locations.  In 2008, it has grown more than 7 fold to 2,300 participators nationally (restaurants, corporations, volunteers, advertising agencies, community groups, local governments and everyday diners). 

The Tap Project website allows you to locate a participating restaurant near you.  Although it is too late to volunteer or sign up your restaurant for this year’s Tap Project, donations can be made to support UNICEF’s project to provide sanitized water for children around the world.

To kick off 2009’s Tap Project, a walk in both New York City and Chicago will occur.  Although it is only a one mile event, the participants are encouraged to carry a minimum of one gallon of water to show support for “the millions of children worldwide who must carry water from distant sources each day.”

Be sure to visit Earth Promise as it has many ideas for you to change your wasteful water habits. 

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How Green Is Your Pet’s Pooper Scooper?

Picking up after our pets (yes, their poop) in most places it’s not only law, but common courtesy.  No one likes to do it, but it has to be done.  Although this matter is totally biodegradable, why then do we place it into a non-biodegradable bag?  If you still use regular plastic bags, let me remind you about some of the hazardous statistics:

·         Takes up to 1000 years for a plastic bag to decompose

·         12 million barrels of oil used to make plastic bags

·         Less than 1% of all plastic bags get recycled in the U.S

If your dog hasn’t been taught the etiquette of pooping under a bush or in the woods, then decomposable bags are your best bet.  GreenDoggieBags is a company, started by two South Floridians that developed an alternative to the non-biodegradable bags.  Made from a cornstarch mixture, these eco-friendly bags look like their counterparts but decompose after a few months.  Not out in the market yet to purchase, GreenDoggieBags is focusing on making deals with green friendly cities.

For other Earth friendly pet information, visit, Pet Style and if you want to start making your own pet Earth Promises, click here.

Here are some pet promise examples:

To buy a collar for my pet that is made of organic canvas instead of nylon.

To buy pet treats with no packaging (from the pet store treat bar).

To speak to my veterinarian about putting my pet on a vegetarian diet, or feeding them food with less meat, poultry or fish. 

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AVEDA’s Many Green Layers

I have been an avid Aveda junkie since my college days (early 1990’s). Walking the occasionally not-so-fragrant streets of Manhattan, I would often venture into Aveda’s oasis to get my fix: my olfactory fix.  Sampling the countless oils and lotions, I’d have a sensation of calm for my bustling walk home. 

While I was getting my hair cut last week in Boca Raton, I spoke to my stylist about all the great earth friendly endeavors Aveda participates in.  Little did I know, “In 1989, Aveda open(ed) its first free-standing Environmental Lifestyle Store on Madison Avenue in New York City. Aveda is first company to endorse and sign the CERES Principles (Coalition for Environmentally Responsible Economies)—which encourages higher corporate standards of corporate environmental performance and disclosure.”  Wow!  I knew they used only natural products and denounced animal testing; but I had no idea the depth and breadth of their eco-commitments.

Packaging, recycling, renewable energy and being socially responsible are all part of Aveda’s conscientious eco-mission.  Aveda’s sleek packaging design is mindful of “minimizing packaging, maximizing the use of post-consumer recycled materials, using materials that can be and are recyclable, and by designing our packaging so that the individual parts can be separated for recycling.”  This brings me to the recycling. Many people don’t realize that when you toss your water bottle, or any bottle for that matter, into the recycling bin, the caps are supposed to come off.  This saves a crucial step for recyclers.  Unfortunately, many recycling plants will just throw the capped bottle in with the regular garbage, thus meeting the fate of the landfill.   These plastic toppers also litter our beaches and oceans.  With the help of the Aveda salons and stores along with local schools, Aveda collects and sends the donated caps to their recycler to be made into new products.  At Dorjon, an Aveda salon in Boca Raton, Florida  there is an eclectic collection of bottles caps where you can drop your used caps off. They will ship them off to be recycled into new products.  For more information concerning what types of caps Aveda collects, click here .

Aveda is also Green-e certified, which means “that the renewable energy (Aveda) purchases meets the strict environmental and consumer protection standards established by the non-profit Center for Resource Solutions.”  Aveda can proudly assert that they were the first beauty corporation to manufacture with 100% certified wind power.  So what does this mean, exactly?  It’s important to understand that electricity is one of the most significant contributors to carbon emissions.  Wind generated power, then, protects the environment by reducing greenhouse gasses.

The social campaigns Aveda takes part in are admirable.  Their annual month-long event, Earth Month begins in April.  Each year focuses on a different clean water project.  Aveda’s 2009 focus will be selling their exclusive Earth Month Candle where 100% of the proceeds will go to support Aveda’s earth month partner, Global Greengrants Fund, who provide grants for community-based water projects around the world.”  This year’s Earth Month event also celebrates Aveda’s 30th anniversary.  During the month of October, Aveda participates in a Breast Cancer Awareness.  A significant portion of Aveda’s grant-making supports projects for indigenous cultures and community groups. “Grants are offered to programs that create sustainable economic activity and support the protection of cultural traditions, environmental quality and community health.” 

For more information about the array of eco-responsibilities Aveda participates in, visit, the Aveda website.

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